Emergency number FIRE: 110
Emergency number POLICE: 112
Emergency number AMBULANCE: 113
As owner of the building, BI is responsible for the property’s fire safety work. The owner is to ensure that the building is constructed and equipped in accordance with current laws and regulations, as well as establish cooperative arrangements with tenants to safeguard the organizational fire safety.
Tenants are required to follow the established exercise program and the instructions and routines for internal control.
The building is a special fire object. We are registered under § 13 in the Fire and Explosion Prevention Act. We are obliged to document that we meet the regulations’ requirements for training, drills, instructions and contingency plans when it comes to our own business. This documentation is placed in the buildings fire binder.
The fire binder is located by the fire control panel and is available for the fire department and other key personnel at all times. The Head of Fire Safety is responsible for keeping the fire binder updated.
The Fire Safety organisation at BI
The school has its own chief fire officer (Ronny Stålvang phone 46 41 03 73).
The chief fire officer has appointed floor- and site managers as well as personnel to ensure the crowd moves away from the building and towards the meeting point (Gullhaug torg).
Floor- and site managers report on the status from their areas to the chief fire officer. The chief fire officer reports in turn to police and the fire department and assist with local knowledge about the building and its complexity.
This arrangement is already agreed upon and gone through with the fire department and the police. All floor- and site managers have fire wests informing of who they are and their area of responsibility. There are 23 floor- and site managers in the building. In addition there are 6 people with other roles in case of an evacuation.
The building has its own fire instructions. This applies to everyone inside the building. The instructions are handed out to all employees and are also found at BI’s intranet for both students and staff.
BI also has an alarm and evacuation plan. This outlines who does what, when and where in an alarm/evacuation situation. The evacuation plan also contains phone numbers to everyone assigned a task in these situations so they can be contacted immediately.
Everyone allocated emergency tasks also have a deputy that can be contacted if they are not present themselves. Everyone has received training in his or her assigned tasks. All employees go through a mini course regarding building safety. The course gives information about:
- The school’s fire protection organization. Who does what and how?
- Technical fire protection measures. Fire alarm systems, fire extinguishers, emergency lighting/markings, emergency exits, fire dampers, ventilators and more.
- Fire procedures. Alert, save, extinguish, limit, guide and evacuate.
- How to avoid fire? What can you do to reduce the risk of fire?
- The physics of fire. How to behave in order to reduce the risk of damage or death for oneself and others if you get caught in a fire.
- Practical instructions for using emergency door openers, fire hoses and emergency exits in relation to where the course participants work.
- Review of instructions.
There are two fire drills every year. The drills can be varied and can include a complete evacuation where the entire building is evacuated. We are talking about 2 to 5 thousand people. A drill can involve the training of key personnel. Technical exercises. Exercises with smoke, dramatization, first aid, extinguishing exercises and more. All drills are documented in the fire binder.
Technical fire protection measurements in the building
The building has a very advanced warning system delivered by Autronica. It includes smoke detectors, heat detectors and gas detectors. All alarms are transferred to 'Vaktservice' whose offices are in the building next door. If everyone in the building has to be alerted, a voice alarm is used.
The building is covered with water sprinklers. Computer rooms have sprinklers with Inergen gas. The sprinkler system is connected to the fire alarm system. Hand held extinguisher equipment consists of fire hoses. There are 143 hoses of 25 meters.
The stairways have dry extinguishing equipment at the request of the fire department. This is to avoid dragging fire hoses upwards in the building. The extinguishing efforts become significantly easier and quicker for the firemen.
All the stairways have smoke ventilation at the top (smoke hatches). The atrium between the building sections have smoke ventilation with 126 m2 air supply and 255 m2 ventilation (hatches that open). The hatches are controlled by aspiration detection of smoke in the atrium. All emergency exits have reference- and marking lights.
Routes in the garage and technical rooms are secured with emergency lighting. All emergency lighting has a battery backup of 60 minutes. All ventilation areas have smoke alarms. When detecting smoke the air supply will stop.
We have several fire doors in the garage and delivering areas that close with a local detector. Escalators run as normal during a fire until fire is detected in the atrium. The elevators will go to floor 1 and stop there with the doors open.
The building is well covered with emergency exits and escape routes. All auditoriums and classrooms are located on levels U1, 1 and 2. The majority of people are located here. All locks and door magnets are connected to the fire alarm system and will open when an alarm goes off. The building construction largely exists of nonflammable materials (concrete, steel, glass, plaster).
On the technical side we cooperate with Tor Olav Mittet from NEAS Norsk Brannconsult AS. For organisation of fire- and safety work we cooperate with Birgitte Lunde from Norconsult. We have service agreements on all our technical installations. The Oslo Fire and Rescue Department have been our advisors and partners throughout the entire building process and we will continue to ask their advice for future operations.
Chief of Fire Safety